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basicmusictheory.com: C-sharp major scale

Answer – 2 components

1. C-sharp main scale

This step reveals the ascending C-sharp main scale on the piano, treble clef and bass clef. It additionally reveals the dimensions diploma chart for all 8 notes.

The C-sharp main scale has 7 sharps.

This main scale secret’s on the Circle of 5ths – C# main on circle of 5ths, which signifies that it’s a generally used main scale key.

This scale sounds the identical because the Db main scale, which can also be a generally used scale. The identical notes are performed in the identical order in every scale – they sound similar. Solely the names of the person notes are totally different.

C-sharp main scale word namesNote no.Be aware intervalNote name1tonicThe first word of the C-sharp main scale is C#2C#-maj-2ndThe 2nd word of the C-sharp main scale is D#3C#-maj-ThirdThe Third word of the C-sharp main scale is E#4C#-perf-4thThe 4th word of the C-sharp main scale is F#5C#-perf-FifthThe Fifth word of the C-sharp main scale is G#6C#-maj-SixthThe Sixth word of the C-sharp main scale is A#7C#-maj-SeventhThe Seventh word of the C-sharp main scale is B#8C#-perf-EighthThe Eighth word of the C-sharp main scale is C#

Center C (midi word 60) is proven with an orange line below the 2nd word on the piano diagram.

These word names are proven beneath on the treble clef adopted by the bass clef.

On the treble clef, Center C is proven with an orange ledger line beneath the principle 5 workers traces.

On the bass clef, Center C is proven with an orange ledger line above the principle 5 workers traces.

C-sharp major scale

C-sharp major scale

The stave diagrams above reveals the dimensions notes and not using a key signature, with the sharp / flat changes inserted earlier than every word on the workers.

For the important thing signature of this scale, exhibiting these symbols grouped accurately subsequent to the bass or treble clef image firstly, take a look on the C# main key signature.

C-sharp main scale degreesNote no.Diploma name1C# is the tonic of the C-sharp main scale2D# is the supertonic of the C-sharp main scale3E# is the mediant of the C-sharp main scale4F# is the subdominant of the C-sharp main scale5G# is the dominant of the C-sharp main scale6A# is the submediant of the C-sharp main scale7B# is the main tone of the C-sharp main scale8C# is the octave of the C-sharp main scale

bass clef icon  Bass Clef
treble clef icon  Treble Clef

2. C-sharp main scale descending

This step reveals the descending C-sharp main scale on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.

C-sharp main scale descendingNo.1234567NoteB#A#G#F#E#D#C#

C-sharp major scale descending

C-sharp major scale descending

C-sharp major scale descending

bass clef icon  Bass Clef
treble clef icon  Treble Clef

Lesson steps

1. Piano key word names

This step reveals the white and black word names on a piano keyboard in order that the word names are acquainted for later steps, and to point out that the word names begin repeating themselves after 12 notes.

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The white keys are named utilizing the alphabetic letters A, B, C, D, E, F, and G, which is a sample that repeats up the piano keyboard.

Each white or black key may have a flat(b) or sharp(#) unintentional title, relying on how that word is used. In a later step, if sharp or flat notes are used, the precise unintentional names shall be chosen.

Sharp and flat note names

The audio information beneath play each word proven on the piano above, so center C (marked with an orange line on the backside) is the 2nd word heard.

bass clef icon  Bass Clef
treble clef icon  Treble Clef

2. C-sharp tonic word and one octave of notes

This step reveals an octave of notes in the important thing of C# , to establish the beginning and finish notes of the dimensions.

The numbered notes are people who is likely to be used when constructing this word scale.

However since this can be a scale in the important thing of C#, it’s sure that notes 1 and 13 shall be used within the scale.

Be aware 1 is the tonic word – the beginning word – C#, and word 13 is similar word title however one octave greater.

C-sharp chromatic scale-1 octave of notes

C-sharp chromatic scale-1 octave of notesNo.12345678910111213NoteC#DD# / EbEFF# / GbGG# / AbAA# / BbBCC#

bass clef icon  Bass Clef
treble clef icon  Treble Clef

3. C-sharp main scale word interval positions

This step applies the foremost scale word interval sample ranging from C-sharp, in order that the right piano keys and word pitches will be recognized.

The foremost scale makes use of the  W-W-H-W-W-W-H  word counting rule to establish the dimensions word positions.

To rely up a Wgap tone, rely up by two bodily piano keys, both white or black.

To rely up a Half-tone (semitone), rely up from the final word up by one bodily piano key, both white or black.

The tonic word (proven as *) is the place to begin and is at all times the first word within the main scale.

C-sharp major scale note positions

Once more, the ultimate Eighth word is the octave word, having the identical title because the tonic word.C-sharp main scale No.12345678NoteC#D# / EbFF# / GbG# / AbA# / BbCC#

bass clef icon  Bass Clef
treble clef icon  Treble Clef

Once more, the ultimate Eighth word is the octave word, having the identical title because the tonic word.

4. C-sharp main scale notes

This step tries to assign word names to the piano keys recognized within the earlier step, in order that they are often written on a word workers within the Answer part.

The 7 distinctive notes in a scale have to be named such that every letter from A to G is used as soon as solely, so every word title is both a pure white title(A.. G) , a pointy(eg. F#) or a flat(eg. Gb).

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The rule ensures that each place of a workers is used as soon as and as soon as solely – whether or not that place be a word in an area, or a word on a line.

That is wanted to make sure that relating to writing the dimensions notes on a musical workers (eg. a bass or treble clef), there isn’t a risk of getting 2 G-type notes, for instance, with one of many notes needing an unintentional subsequent to it on the workers (a pointy, flat or pure image).

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To use this rule, firstly record the white key names ranging from the tonic, that are proven the White column beneath.

Then record the 7 notes within the scale thus far, proven within the subsequent column.

For every of the 7 notes, look throughout and attempt to discover the White word title within the Scale word title.

If the pure white word will be discovered within the scale word, the dimensions word is written within the Match? column.

The Eighth word – the octave word, may have the identical title as the primary word, the tonic word.

C-sharp main scale with mismatchesNo.WhiteScale noteMatch?1CC#C#2DD# / EbD#3EFm4FF# / GbF#5GG# / AbG#6AA# / BbA#7BCm8CC#C#

For this scale, there are 2 mismatches (Proven as m within the Match? column), whose word names will have to be adjusted within the subsequent step.

C-sharp major scale with mismatches

5. Make the C-sharp word title changes

This step reveals the right way to make the word title changes so that every word letter A to G is used as soon as solely within the scale.

The adjustment clarification beneath must be utilized to each mismatch m within the above desk. The primary mismatch is used for instance.

The match fails when looking for a E -type of scale word, as a result of both this kind of word doesn’t exist on this scale, or it exists however is within the flawed place quantity / desk row for this match.

However music idea guidelines enable the title of any word to be sharpened or flattened, even white word names, so since a E-type of word title is required, the true scale word F shall be renamed to E#.

In fact, despite the fact that the word is known as E#, relating to enjoying the word on an instrument, the true word F is de facto performed.

The changes executed on this step don’t change the pitch / sound of the word, solely the title of the word.

After doing the changes to all mistmatches, all letters A..G may have been used for this main scale, and no guidelines have been damaged.

Be aware that generally it’s mandatory to regulate the word title two half-tones / semitones ahead or again, which is able to end in an adjusted title containing a double-sharp or double-flat.

C-sharp main scaleNo.12345678NoteC#D#E#F#G#A#B#C#

6. C-sharp main scale descending

This step reveals the notes when descending the C-sharp main scale, going from the best word sound again to the beginning word.

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For main scales, the notes names when descending are simply the reverse of the ascending names.

So assuming octave word 8 has been performed within the step above, the notes now descend again to the tonic.

C-sharp major scale descending

C-sharp main scale descendingNo.1234567NoteB#A#G#F#E#D#C#

bass clef icon  Bass Clef
treble clef icon  Treble Clef

7. C-sharp main scale levels

This step reveals the C-sharp main scale levels – tonic, supertonic, mediant, subdominant, dominant, submediant, main word / tone, and octave.

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In music idea, every word on this scale has what is known as a scale diploma title, which describes the connection of that word to the tonic(1st) word.

In music idea, every word on this scale has what is known as a scale diploma title, which describes the connection of that word to the tonic(1st) word.

Scale diploma names 1,2,3,4,5,6, and eight beneath are at all times the identical for all main and minor scales (ie. 1st word is at all times tonic, 2nd is supertonic and many others.) , however clearly the word names shall be totally different for every scale / key mixture.

Within the main scale, the Seventh word is known as the main word or main tone as a result of the sound of the Seventh word feels prefer it desires to resolve and end on the octave word, when all scale notes are performed in sequence.

It does this as a result of on this scale, the Seventh word is only one semitone away from the Eighth word – the octave word. The C# harmonic minor scale and C# melodic minor scale scales share the identical property – they each have just one half-tone / semitone between the Seventh and Eighth notes.

In distinction, the C# pure minor scale has an entire tone (two half-tones / semitones, two notes on the piano keyboard) between the Seventh and Eighth notes, and the Seventh word doesn’t lean in direction of the Eighth word in the identical manner. On this case, the Seventh word is known as the subtonic.

C-sharp main scale degreesNote no.Diploma name1C# is the tonic of the C-sharp main scale2D# is the supertonic of the C-sharp main scale3E# is the mediant of the C-sharp main scale4F# is the subdominant of the C-sharp main scale5G# is the dominant of the C-sharp main scale6A# is the submediant of the C-sharp main scale7B# is the main tone of the C-sharp main scale8C# is the octave of the C-sharp main scale

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